Blotting paper anyone? Skin care terms.

As published in the Wagin Argus and The Williams. 

Are you confused by all the different skin care products on the market?

Let us have a look at some of the terms or product names that you might come across:

Exfoliators: their job is to remove dead cells from the surface of our skin, revealing clearer and smoother skin. They allow other skin care products to work more effectively by allowing better absorption, such as a moisturizer.

They come in two different forms – mechanical includes scrubs and masks; chemical uses acids (such as AHAs, alpha hydroxy acid, and BHAs, beta hydroxy acid) or enzymes (includes papain from papaya and bromelain from pineapple) to dissolve the dead skin cells. 

Skins that are prone to blackheads and blemishes will find BHA products useful while AHA work on sun-damaged skin that tends to have few blemishes.

Men should not use a facial scrub as it can aggravate shaved skin causing irritation and inflammation. Try instead a BHA lotion instead.

Toners / Clarifying Lotion: have many important jobs. They restore the pH level of the skin; help remove any pollutants, such as makeup, that might be left on the skin’s surface; refine the appearance of pores; and prepare the surface of the skin for moisturizing.

Antioxidants: are a natural substance found in the body as well as in nature. They work in and on the skin to improve cell production and reduce the signs of skin damage, such as wrinkles. 

The antioxidants found in skin care products are often concentrated plant extracts, eg green tea, grape-seed and pomegranate. Try in a serum, followed by a moisturizer.

Peptides: are chains of amino acids, which in turn form proteins.  They cause the skin to behave in different ways and require consistent use for maximum benefits.

Palmitoyl pentapeptide-3 (Matrixyl) helps to improve the skin’s firmness and has been demonstrated to improve the appearance of fine lines. Acetyl hexapeptide-3 (Argireline) also has anti-wrinkle properties.

BB creams / Beauty Balms: is a multi-tasking moisturizer that evens out skin tone by using micro-pigment capsules that adjust to your natural skin colouring. Some products contain a SPF.

Blotting Paper: If your skin is oily / combination, you may find them useful to have in your bag of tricks to absorb oil from your T-zone during the day. They are not designed to be used as part of your skin care routine morning and night. 

Hope that clears up some of the confusion! 

I find Paula's Choice a great place to go if you want some clarity on different products without a lot of the marketing hype that surrounds the beauty care product industry. She also has information on different skin conditions and answers to beauty myths.